In the last two decades, the State of Israel has actively invested in increasing the employment rate and improving its quality within the Haredi society. This investment includes a wide range of actions, such as budget cuts, expanding support and grants for workers, establishing employment guidance centers, and making vocational training more accessible.
The policy of inclusive employment among decision-makers in Israel is conducted at a national level and reflects a perception in which local authorities are primarily executing arms of government decisions. Despite the efforts and significant funds invested in the past decade, there is stagnation in the field, suggesting that national-level employment planning alone is unable to create a significant change in the current situation.
This paper proposes a shift beyond the national employment planning within the Haredi society at the municipal level, as a step that could lead to breaking away from the current stagnation. This proposition aligns with a general trend of decentralizing areas of responsibility from the central government to local governance, reflecting an increasing perception of enhancing local authority involvement in the socio-economic development of its residents. The planning and implementation of employment policy within the Haredi society at the municipal level enables proximity to the field, understanding the unique needs of the local community, and helps select appropriate tools that can enhance the quality of local employment. The connection to the local population and deep familiarity with its characteristics allow for a successful allocation of resources and tailored responses to local needs from a holistic and strategic perspective. Moreover, changes at the urban level occur more rapidly compared to central management, which at times can be cumbersome and slow, lacking an understanding of the needs of the local population.
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